Tetrahymena p85 is localized to the presumptive division plane before the formation of contractile ring microfilaments. p85 binds to calmodulin in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner and both proteins colocalize to the division furrow. Inhibition of the binding of p85 and Ca(2+)/calmodulin prevents both the localization of p85 and calmodulin to the division plane and the formation of the contractile ring, suggesting that the interaction of p85 and Ca(2+)/calmodulin is important in the formation of the contractile ring. We investigated the mechanisms of the formation of contractile ring, and the relationship among p85, CaM, and actin using co-sedimentation assay: p85 binds to G-actin in a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent manner, but does not bind to F-actin. Therefore, we propose that a Ca(2+)/calmodulin signal and its target protein p85 are cooperatively involved in the recruitment of G-actin to the division plane and the formation of the contractile ring.
(c)2002 Elsevier Science (USA).