Expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) in human prostate cancer

Prostate. 2002 May 1;51(2):108-16. doi: 10.1002/pros.10058.


Background: Recent studies have demonstrated that peroxisome proliferator activator-receptors (PPAR)-gamma is expressed in some cancer cells such as breast, lung, and gastric cancer, and its ligand induces growth arrest of these cancer cells through apoptosis. However, the expression and localization of PPARs in prostate have not been examined. In this study, PPARs expression was investigated in human prostate cancer (PC), prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN), benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and normal prostate (NP) tissues.

Methods: Tumor specimens were obtained from 156 patients with PC, 15 with PIN, 20 with BPH, and 12 patients with NP tissues. The expressions were investigated by RT-PCR and immunohistochemical methods.

Results: Immunoreactive PPAR-alpha and -beta were significantly apparent in PC tissues. Marked expressions of PPAR-alpha and -beta were also detected in PIN, BPH, and NP groups. However, very weak or no expression of immunoreactive PPAR-gamma was found in BPH and NP cases. In contrast, we found significant expression of immunoreactive PPAR-gamma in cancer cells in PC group and in PIN group.

Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that PPAR-gamma is induced in PC, and suggest that PPAR-gamma ligands may mediate its own potent antiproliferative effect against PC cells through differentiation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cell Division
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Ligands
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prostate / physiology
  • Prostatic Hyperplasia / genetics
  • Prostatic Hyperplasia / pathology
  • Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia / genetics*
  • Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia / pathology*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / biosynthesis*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Transcription Factors / biosynthesis*
  • Transcription Factors / pharmacology


  • Ligands
  • Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • Transcription Factors