Information-motivation-behavioral skills model-based HIV risk behavior change intervention for inner-city high school youth

Health Psychol. 2002 Mar;21(2):177-86.


This study assessed the effects of 3 theoretically grounded, school-based HIV prevention interventions on inner-city minority high school students' levels of HIV prevention information, motivation, behavioral skills, and behavior. It involved a quasi-experimental controlled trial comparing classroom-based, peer-based, and combined classroom- and peer-based HIV prevention interventions with a standard-of-care control condition in 4 urban high schools (N = 1,532, primarily 9th-grade students). At 12 months postintervention, the classroom-based intervention resulted in sustained changes in HIV prevention behavior. This article discusses why both of the interventions involving peers were less effective than the classroom-based intervention at the 12-month follow-up and, more generally, suggests a set of possible limiting conditions for the efficacy of peer-based interventions.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Connecticut
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / psychology*
  • Health Education / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Educational
  • Motivation
  • Peer Group
  • Poverty Areas
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk-Taking
  • Safe Sex
  • School Health Services*