Passive administration of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to the capsular polysaccharide of Cryptococcus neoformans can alter the course of infection in mice. In a murine model of cryptococcal infection, immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1), IgG2a, and IgG2b switch variants of the anti-capsular 3E5 MAb prolong the survival of lethally infected mice, whereas the 3E5 IgG3 MAb does not protect and in some cases enhances infection, shortening the life spans of infected mice. We examined the role of complement component C3 in Ab-mediated protection by determining the efficacy of the four mouse IgG subclasses against C. neoformans in mice genetically deficient in factor C3 as well as mice acutely depleted of C3. Similar to other complement-deficient animal models, C3(-/-) mice and mice depleted of C3 by cobra venom factor were more susceptible to C. neoformans infection than control mice, providing further evidence that complement is important in the host defense against the fungus. In the absence of C3, all IgG isotypes prolonged the lives of mice infected with C. neoformans, indicating that protection by IgG does not require the complement pathways. Furthermore, we observed protection with IgG3 in the complement-deficient mice, suggesting that complement is involved in the lack of protection observed with IgG3 in other mouse models.