Regulation of the cell cycle in normal and pathological glia

Neuroscientist. 2002 Apr;8(2):93-7. doi: 10.1177/107385840200800205.


Precise regulation of the glial cell cycle is essential during nervous system development and in response to injury, whereas disruption of cell cycle control is associated with malignant glial tumors and other nervous system diseases. The Ras signaling pathway plays a central role in regulating the mammalian cell cycle, and uncontrolled Ras signaling has been implicated in a wide range of human cancers, including malignant gliomas. Recent studies in glia have demonstrated that activation of Ras can either induce or inhibit proliferation through complex interactions among downstream signaling pathways impinging on cell cycle regulatory proteins. Studies in Schwann cells have begun to delineate the pathways by which Ras regulates the cell cycle in normal and pathological glia, and have identified promising targets for therapeutic intervention in the treatment of PNS and CNS malignant glial tumors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle* / physiology
  • Glioma / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Neuroglia / pathology*
  • Neuroglia / physiology*