Single-slice computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is an established imaging method for the cerebrovascular system (CVS), but it suffers from technical limitations with respect to the coherent high resolution visualization of longer vascular segments, such as the extra- and intracranial CVS. The recently introduced multi-slice (MS) technology has been attributed with a superior imaging quality for angiographic procedures due to increased scan speed and improved spatial resolution. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the suitability of multi-slice CTA (MS-CTA) for the assessment of the arteriovenous CVS in patients with acute symptoms of either arterial or venous occlusive diseases. 41 patients with clinically suspected acute cerebral ischaemia (hemispheric in 29 and vertebrobasilar in 12 patients) and 4 patients with suspected cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) underwent CTA in a MS-CT scanner. In addition, doppler ultrasonography (DUS) was erformed in 34, magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in 5 and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in 6 patients. All findings were reviewed for stenoses or occlusion of the extra-and intracranial CVS and correlated with the clinical outcome. In 43 (96%) of 45 patients, MS-CTA yielded images of diagnostic quality with comprehensive visualization of the arterial and venous CVS including the cervical carotid bifurcation, the third segment of the major cerebral arteries and the dural sinus as well as internal cerebral veins. In 2 patients, assessment of the carotid bifurcation was limited because of tooth artefacts. In all patients, in whom imaging and clinical follow-up proved a non-lacunar infarction (n = 22), MS-CTA detected the underlying vascular pathology. Suspected CVT could be confirmed in 2 and ruled out in another 2 patients through MS-CTA. In conclusion, multi-slice CT an giography may be a promising new diagnostic tool for the rapid and comprehensive assessment of the arteriovenous CVS in patients with clinical signs of acute cerebrovascular diseases.