[Plant-induced Toxic and Allergic Dermatitis (Phytodermatitis)]

Hautarzt. 2002 Feb;53(2):93-7. doi: 10.1007/s001050100212.
[Article in German]


Herbal products are being used increasingly for medical or cosmetic purposes. Many cosmetics contain plant extracts for fragrance. Sensitizing plants in cosmetics are tea tree oil, arnica, chamomile, yarrow, citrus extracts, common ivy, aloe, lavender, peppermint, and others. However, the sensitizing potential of these plants varies. Most of the sensitizing substances are sesquiterpene lactones or terpenes. The present paper reviews the various forms of phytodermatitis, including irritant plant dermatitis, phototoxic and photo-allergic dermatitis, allergic dermatitis, and airborne contact dermatitis.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dermatitis, Allergic Contact / diagnosis*
  • Dermatitis, Allergic Contact / etiology
  • Dermatitis, Photoallergic / diagnosis*
  • Dermatitis, Photoallergic / etiology
  • Drug Eruptions / diagnosis
  • Drug Eruptions / etiology
  • Humans
  • Phytotherapy / adverse effects
  • Plant Extracts / adverse effects*
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use
  • Plants, Toxic*


  • Plant Extracts