Repair DNA synthesis (RDS) in human fibroblasts during the adaptive responses (ARs) induced by cadmium chloride (CdCl2), gamma-radiation, and 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO) was compared in cells pretreated and not pretreated with garlic extract. The RDS was increased during the ARs induced CdCl2 and gamma-irradiation. Garlic extract stimulated RDS in cells treated by the same mutagens. 3-Aminobenzamide (3AB), an inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, decreased the RDS rate in cells treated with CdCl2 and gamma-irradiation but had no significant effect on cells treated with 4NQO. It was demonstrated that DNA repair was involved into cell protection in different ways in the cases of antimutagen treatment and AR.