Background: The purpose of this double-blind, prospective, latin-square crossover randomised study was to examine the efficacy of a mouthrinse solution containing a combination of triclosan, amine fluoride and sodium fluoride on supragingival plaque regrowth compared to a placebo and a chlorhexidine solution.
Methods: 12 volunteers refrained after professional oral prophylaxis from all mechanical hygiene measures for the following 96 h and rinsed instead cross-over in a randomised order with either chlorhexidine digluconate (0.2%, positive control), a verum solution (0.5% amine fluoride, 0.028% sodium fluoride, 0.03% triclosan) or a placebo solution. The plaque index was assessed after 24 and 96 h (PI 1, PI 2) and the plaque area (PA) photographed and calculated after 96 h of undisturbed plaque regrowth. Moreover plaque samples were taken after 24 and 96 h and examined with the vital fluorescence technique to assess the vitality of the biofilm microbiota (VF 1, VF 2).
Results: The amine-fluoride-triclosan solution reduced the clinical parameters (PI and PA) as well as the vitality of the plaque flora (VF) significantly when compared to the placebo solution. The verum reached a 36.5% (p<0.05) and a 39.8% reduction (p<0.0001) in PI 1 and PI 2, respectively, concomittant with a reduction of 23.8% and 32.2% (p<0.001) in VF 1 and VF 2 and of 46.9% (p<0.0001) in PA at day 4. This was less than the reductions found with the positive control, i.e., the 0.2% chlorhexidine solution (54.2% and 71.1% reduction in PI 1 and PI 2, 40.0% and 53.4% in VF 1 and VF 2 and 71.5% in PA). However, significant differences between both active solutions were only established for PI 2 and PA.
Conclusion: During 4-day plaque regrowth the amine-fluoride-triclosan product displayed a significant antibacterial and plaque-reducing action in comparison to the control.