The evolution of plant sexual diversity

Nat Rev Genet. 2002 Apr;3(4):274-84. doi: 10.1038/nrg776.


Charles Darwin recognized that flowering plants have an unrivalled diversity of sexual systems. Determining the ecological and genetic factors that govern sexual diversification in plants is today a central problem in evolutionary biology. The integration of phylogenetic, ecological and population-genetic studies have provided new insights into the selective mechanisms that are responsible for major evolutionary transitions between reproductive modes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biological Evolution*
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Gender Identity
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Genotype
  • Haplotypes
  • Inbreeding
  • Plants / genetics*
  • Reproduction / physiology*
  • Reproduction, Asexual