The medical risks of obesity

Obes Surg. 2002 Apr;12 Suppl 1:6S-11S. doi: 10.1007/BF03342140.


Obesity is associated with a number of medical conditions that lead to increased morbidity and increased mortality. Both the National Institutes of Health and the World Health Organization define obesity as a body mass index (BMI) > or = 30 kg/m2 and overweight as a BMI 25-30. The most common conditions associated with obesity are insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular disease, gallstones and cholecystitis, sleep apnea and other respiratory dysfunction, and the increased incidence of certain cancers. These are discussed below.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Obesity / complications*
  • Obesity / mortality
  • Risk Factors