Deletion 3p syndrome is associated with characteristic facial features, growth failure, and mental retardation. Typically, individuals with deletion 3p syndrome have terminal deletions that result in loss of material from 3p25 to 3pter. We present a child with a clinical phenotype consistent with deletion 3p syndrome (ptosis, microcephaly, growth retardation, and developmental delay) and a subtle interstitial deletion in the distal portion of the short arm of chromosome 3, del(3)(p25.3p26.2). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies using 3p subtelomeric probes confirmed the terminal region of chromosome 3 was present. Sequence tagged sites (STS)-linked BAC clones mapping to chromosomal region 3p25-p26 were used to characterize the interstitial deletion by FISH. The results indicate the deletion is within a region of approximately 4.5 Mb between STS markers D3S3630 and D3S1304. This interstitial deletion lies within all previously reported terminal deletions in deletion 3p syndrome individuals, and represents the smallest reported deletion associated with deletion 3p syndrome. Characterization of the deletion may help identify genes important to growth and development that contribute to the deletion 3p syndrome phenotype when present in a hemizygous state.
Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.