Trauma to cardiac valves

Curr Opin Cardiol. 2002 Mar;17(2):188-92. doi: 10.1097/00001573-200203000-00012.


Cardiorrhaphy is a relatively common procedure performed in a trauma center. However, there is a subgroup of patients with more complicated cardiac injuries such as coronary artery injuries, septal defects, and valvular injuries. Cardiac valvular injuries are often diagnosed subacutely when a new murmur is heard. Transesophageal echocardiography has been increasingly performed to diagnosis these injuries and may be helpful intraoperatively. Cardiac catheterization may be indicated in selected patients. Techniques to address these injuries may involve repair or prosthetic replacement. A high index of suspicion is needed to diagnose these relatively rare injuries.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Catheterization
  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal
  • Heart Injuries / diagnostic imaging*
  • Heart Injuries / therapy*
  • Humans