Induction of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1 (UDP-GT1) Gene Complex by Green Tea in Male F344 Rats

Food Chem Toxicol. 2002 Jun;40(6):841-4. doi: 10.1016/s0278-6915(02)00022-4.


Tea is one of the most frequently consumed beverages in the world, second only to water. Epidemiological studies have associated the consumption of green tea with a lower risk of several types of cancers, including stomach, oral cavity, esophagus, and lung. This paper deals with the mechanism of action of tea as an effective chemopreventive agent for toxic chemicals and especially carcinogens. UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UDP-GT) activities towards p-nitrophenol were markedly increased (51.8% or 1.5-fold) in rats that consumed tea compared with the control animals on water. Induction of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase activity by tea may involve the UDP-GT1 (UGT1A) gene complex of the UDP-GT multigene family. Therefore, a major mechanism of tea as a chemopreventive agent is induction of the microsomal detoxification enzyme, UDP-glucuronosyltransferase.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Enzyme Induction / drug effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic / drug effects*
  • Glucuronosyltransferase / biosynthesis*
  • Glucuronosyltransferase / genetics*
  • Isoenzymes / biosynthesis
  • Isoenzymes / genetics
  • Male
  • Microsomes, Liver / drug effects
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344
  • Tea*


  • Isoenzymes
  • Tea
  • Glucuronosyltransferase