Mitochondrial DNA depletion is a well established cause of severe liver failure in infancy. The autosomal inheritance of this quantitative mitochondrial DNA defect supports the involvement of a nuclear gene in the control of mitochondrial DNA level. We previously described a case of a 28-month-old child presenting with a progressive liver fibrosis due to a mitochondrial DNA depletion (85% at 12 months of age). As this syndrome was clinically liver-restricted, a liver transplant was initially discussed. We report the clinical, biochemical and molecular follow-up of this child, now 6 years old. The patient displayed a spontaneous gradual improvement of his liver function with continuous increment of clotting factor values since 32 months of age. A marked reduction of the previous extensive fibrosis was evidenced on a liver biopsy performed at 46 months of age associated with a dramatic decrease of the mitochondrial DNA depletion (35%). Consequently, an almost complete restoration of respiratory chain activities containing mitochondrial DNA-encoded subunits was observed. This is the first report of a revertant phenotype in liver mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome.