Background: The diagnostic accuracy of myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography is limited by soft tissue attenuation. Artifacts may be reduced by attenuation correction (AC) or compensated for by assessment of wall motion in gated images. We studied the benefit of gating and AC, both separately and combined, in improving accuracy.
Methods and results: Sixty-six subjects (27 with > or =50% angiographic stenosis, 5 with <50% stenosis, and 34 Bayesian normal volunteers) underwent gated AC single photon emission computed tomography. Images were reconstructed and independently viewed in 4 ways: static with motion correction (MC) only, gated with MC only, static with MC plus blur correction plus AC (referred to as combined corrections [CC]), and gated with CC. Images were interpreted by 2 blinded observers for overall presence of coronary disease and for vascular territory (left anterior descending [LAD], left circumflex [LCx], and right coronary artery [RCA]). Statistical analysis of sensitivity and normalcy was done by means of the Cochran Q test. Overall diagnostic accuracy showed statistically significant improvement (P =.05 for sensitivity, P <.001 for normalcy), progressing from static MC to gated MC to static CC to gated CC (sensitivity/normalcy = 85%/54%, 78%/62%, 93%/77%, and 96%/85%, respectively, for the 4 reconstruction and viewing approaches). Sensitivity was highest in all 3 vascular territories for the combination of gating and CC; normalcy was also highest with the same combination for the LAD and RCA territories; sensitivity/normalcy with this combination was 85%/87% for the LAD, 69%/87% for the LCx, and 89%/87% for the RCA territory.
Conclusions: The combination of gating and CC provides the highest diagnostic accuracy, and gating and AC should thus be considered complementary and synergistic.