Relationship between patients' perceptions of disadvantage and discrimination and listing for kidney transplantation

Am J Public Health. 2002 May;92(5):811-7. doi: 10.2105/ajph.92.5.811.


Objectives: This study explored wait-listing decisions among African American and White men and women eligible for kidney transplants, focusing on lifetime experiences of race and sex discrimination as a possible influence.

Methods: Patient records from 3 Baltimore-area hemodialysis units were reviewed, and semistructured face-to-face interviews were conducted with transplant-eligible patients and with unit staff members.

Results: African American patients reported more racial discrimination, and women reported more sex discrimination. Women and older patients were less likely to be placed on the waiting list, as were patients with previous experiences of racial discrimination. Discrimination measures predicted list access more strongly than patient race.

Conclusions: Lifetime experience of and response to discrimination may contribute to race and sex differences in access to care and should be included in research on health care disparities.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Attitude to Health / ethnology*
  • Baltimore
  • Black or African American / psychology*
  • Decision Making
  • Female
  • Health Services Accessibility
  • Hemodialysis Units, Hospital / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / ethnology*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / surgery
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Kidney Transplantation / psychology*
  • Kidney Transplantation / statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prejudice*
  • Waiting Lists*
  • White People / psychology*