Bites by non-native venomous snakes in the United States

Wilderness Environ Med. 1996 Nov;7(4):297-303. doi: 10.1580/1080-6032(1996)007[0297:bbnnvs];2.


Fifty-four consultations regarding bites by venomous snakes not native to the United States are summarized. These are from a database of 164 consultations during the period 1977- 1995. At least 29 non-native snake species were involved with cobras making up -40% of the group. There was one fatality. A high percentage of venomous snakebites in the United States involve deliberate interaction with snakes. The proportion of bites by non-native species seems to be increasing. Some of the snake species involved are discussed, and some principles for management of these bites are given.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Antivenins / therapeutic use
  • Databases, Factual
  • Elapidae
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Snake Bites / epidemiology*
  • Snake Bites / pathology
  • Snake Bites / therapy
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Antivenins