A proteomics approach towards understanding blast fungus infection of rice grown under different levels of nitrogen fertilization

Proteomics. 2001 Sep;1(9):1162-71. doi: 10.1002/1615-9861(200109)1:9<1162::AID-PROT1162>3.0.CO;2-S.

Abstract

Proteins extracted from leaf blades of rice plants infected with blast fungus, Magnaporthe grisea, were separated by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The separated proteins were electroblotted onto a polyvinylidene difluoride membrane, and 63 proteins were analyzed by a gas-phase protein sequencer. The N-terminal amino acid sequences of 33 out of 63 proteins were determined in this manner. N-terminal regions of the remaining proteins could not be sequenced. The internal amino acid sequences of 12 proteins were determined by sequence analysis of peptides obtained by the Cleveland peptide mapping method. The amino acid sequences were compared with those of known plant and animal protein sequences to understand the nature of these proteins. As expected, leaf blades revealed predominantly the presence of photosynthetic proteins. Using this experimental approach named as proteome analysis, the functional proteins during blast fungus infection of rice with different levels of nitrogen nutrient were analyzed. Twelve proteins which appeared to change with different levels of nitrogen nutrient were identified. It was revealed that the level of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase was increased by top-dressing with nitrogen nutrient. Additionally, the pathogenesis related protein were observed following blast fungus infection using immunoblot analysis. It was conjectured that these proteins might be involved in incompatible interaction in rice plants following blast fungus infection. The information obtained on the amino acid sequences and antibodies interaction is expected to be helpful in predicting the function of these proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Fertilizers
  • Magnaporthe / metabolism*
  • Nitrogen / metabolism*
  • Oryza / chemistry
  • Oryza / genetics
  • Oryza / metabolism*
  • Oryza / microbiology*
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry
  • Plant Leaves / metabolism
  • Plant Leaves / microbiology
  • Plant Proteins / chemistry
  • Plant Proteins / genetics
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proteome / chemistry
  • Proteome / metabolism*
  • Sequence Analysis, Protein

Substances

  • Fertilizers
  • Plant Proteins
  • Proteome
  • Nitrogen