ROCK and Dia have opposing effects on adherens junctions downstream of Rho

Nat Cell Biol. 2002 Jun;4(6):408-15. doi: 10.1038/ncb796.

Abstract

Adherens junctions (AJs) are crucial for maintaining the integrity of epithelial tissues and are often disrupted during tumour progression. Rho family proteins have been shown to regulate adherens junctions. We find that activation of the effector kinase ROCK and acto-myosin contraction disrupts AJs downstream of Rho. In contrast, signalling through the Rho effector Dia1 is required to ensure a dynamically stable interface between cells and the maintenance of adherens junction complexes. The ability of Dia1 to regulate the actin network is crucial for the localization of adherens junction components to the cell periphery.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing*
  • Adherens Junctions / metabolism*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Colonic Neoplasms
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism
  • Formins
  • Gene Expression / physiology
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Kidney / cytology
  • Myosins / metabolism
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • rho-Associated Kinases
  • rhoA GTP-Binding Protein / genetics
  • rhoA GTP-Binding Protein / metabolism*
  • rhoC GTP-Binding Protein

Substances

  • Actins
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Carrier Proteins
  • DIAPH1 protein, human
  • Formins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • rho-Associated Kinases
  • Myosins
  • RHOC protein, human
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins
  • rhoA GTP-Binding Protein
  • rhoC GTP-Binding Protein