Selective inhibition of the C-domain of angiotensin I converting enzyme by bradykinin potentiating peptides

Biochemistry. 2002 May 14;41(19):6065-71. doi: 10.1021/bi012121x.


Somatic angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) contains two functional active sites. Up to now, most of the studies aimed at characterizing the selectivity of inhibitors toward the two ACE active sites relied on the use of ACE mutants containing a single functional active site. By developing new fluorogenic synthetic substrates of ACE, we demonstrated that inhibitor selectivity can be assessed directly by using somatic ACE. This useful screening approach led us to discover that some bradykinin potentiating peptides turned out to be selective inhibitors of the C-domain of ACE. The peptide pGlu-Gly-Leu-Pro-Pro-Arg-Pro-Lys-Ile-Pro-Pro, with K(i)(app) values of 30 nM and 8 microM, respectively, for the C- and N-domain of ACE, is to our knowledge the most highly selective C-domain inhibitor of ACE so far reported. Inhibitors able to block selectively either the N- or C-domain of ACE will represent unique tools to probe the function of each domain in the regulation of blood pressure or other physiopathological events involving ACE activity.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Bradykinin / agonists*
  • CHO Cells
  • Catalytic Domain / genetics
  • Cricetinae
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Kinetics
  • Lisinopril / pharmacology
  • Models, Biological
  • Mutation
  • Oligopeptides / chemistry
  • Oligopeptides / pharmacology*
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A / chemistry*
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A / genetics
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A / metabolism
  • Phosphinic Acids / pharmacology
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Oligopeptides
  • Phosphinic Acids
  • RXP 407
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Lisinopril
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A
  • Bradykinin