Stressful life events interacting with cognitive/personality styles to predict late-onset major depression

Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2002 May-Jun;10(3):297-304.


The current work evaluated the interaction of life stressors with cognitive/personality styles in predicting late-onset depression in 42 elderly outpatients with DSM-IV unipolar Major Depression and 42 nondepressed controls. Control subjects were matched to cases on age, sex, race, and years of education. As suggested by Beck's cognitive theory of depression, a multivariate model indicated that specific stressful-event types interacted with specific cognitive/personality styles in strongly predicting depression onset, adjusting for the positive associations of medical illness and reduced physical functioning with depression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Age of Onset*
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Connecticut
  • Depressive Disorder / physiopathology*
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events*
  • Male
  • Personality / physiology*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales