Background: Surgical repair of Crawford extent II thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) carries substantial risk for morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to analyze the results of a large consecutive series of extent II TAAA repairs and identify factors that influence morbidity and survival.
Methods: Of 1,415 consecutive patients who underwent TAAA operations over a 13-year period, 442 (31.2%) had extent II repairs. Data from a prospectively maintained database were analyzed to determine which factors were associated with death and major complications.
Results: The operative mortality was 10.0% (44 patients). Postoperative complications included paraplegia/paraparesis in 33 patients (7.5%), pulmonary complications in 158 (35.7%), and renal failure in 69 (15.9%). Multivariable analysis revealed that renal insufficiency (odds ratio [OR] 2.6), increasing age (OR 1.1/year), and increasing red blood cell transfusion requirements (OR 1.1/U) were predictors for mortality; renal insufficiency (OR 2.8) and peptic ulcer disease (OR 9.3) were predictors of renal failure; and rupture (OR 6.3) was a predictor of paraplegia. Left heart bypass was an independent protective factor against paraplegia (OR 0.4).
Conclusions: This contemporary experience demonstrates acceptable levels of morbidity and mortality in this high-risk group. Left heart bypass was found to provide protection against paraplegia in these patients.