Optimizing rating scale category effectiveness

J Appl Meas. 2002;3(1):85-106.


Rating scales are employed as a means of extracting more information out of an item than would be obtained from a mere "yes/no", "right/wrong" or other dichotomy. But does this additional information increase measurement accuracy and precision? Eight guidelines are suggested to aid the analyst in optimizing the manner in which rating scales categories cooperate in order to improve the utility of the resultant measures. Though these guidelines are presented within the context of Rasch analysis, they reflect aspects of rating scale functioning which impact all methods of analysis. The guidelines feature rating-scale-based data such as category frequency, ordering, rating-to-measure inferential coherence, and the quality of the scale from measurement and statistical perspectives. The manner in which the guidelines prompt recategorization or reconceptualization of the rating scale is indicated. Utilization of the guidelines is illustrated through their application to two published data sets.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Humans
  • Mathematical Computing
  • Models, Statistical*
  • Psychological Tests / statistics & numerical data*
  • Psychometrics / methods*
  • Reproducibility of Results