Aims: We studied the capability of heart rate (HR) adjusted change in multichannel magnetocardiogram (MCG) to detect exercise-induced ischemia.
Methods and results: The MCG and 12-lead ECG were recorded simultaneously during supine exercise testing in 17 healthy controls and 24 patients with single vessel coronary artery disease (CAD). In the MCG analysis, we plotted the orientation of the magnetic field map (MFM) against the HR in each cardiac cycle during recovery. A regression line was fitted to the data and the line slope (degrees/bpm) was determined. In the ECG, the ST-segment depression vs HR (ST/HR) slope was evaluated. The HR adjusted MFM rotation was more extensive in the pooled CAD group, and in all subgroups with different stenosed vessel, than in the control group at the ST-segment (1.5 +/- 2.1 degrees/bpm vs 0.29 +/- 0.25 degrees/bpm, p < 0.0005) and at the T-wave apex (0.95 +/- 0.81 degrees/bpm vs 0.24 +/- 0.25 degrees/bpm, p < 0.0005). Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves of the HR adjusted MFM rotation at the ST-segment (88.5%) and the T-wave (86.0%) were higher than the ones without HR adjustment (75.5% and 68.1%, respectively), and higher than the area of ST/HR slope in the ECG (80.2%).
Conclusion: HR adjusted MFM rotation detects transient ischemia independent of the stenosed vessel. HR adjustment improves the performance of the MCG in ischemia detection by the analysis of the ST-segment and the T-wave. The MCG was superior to the 12-lead ECG.