Annual smoking-attributable mortality, years of potential life lost, and economic costs--United States, 1995-1999

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2002 Apr 12;51(14):300-3.


Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States and produces substantial health-related economic costs to society. This report presents the annual estimates of the disease impact of smoking in the United States during 1995-1999. CDC calculated national estimates of annual smoking-attributable mortality (SAM), years of potential life lost (YPLL), smoking-attributable medical expenditures (SAEs) for adults and infants, and productivity costs for adults. Results show that during 1995-1999, smoking caused approximately 440,000 premature deaths in the United States annually and approximately $157 billion in annual health-related economic losses. Implementation of comprehensive tobacco-control programs as recommended by CDC could effectively reduce the prevalence, disease impact, and economic costs of smoking.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cause of Death
  • Cost of Illness
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Life Tables
  • Lung Neoplasms / etiology
  • Lung Neoplasms / mortality
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Ischemia / etiology
  • Myocardial Ischemia / mortality
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / etiology
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / mortality
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Smoking / economics
  • Smoking / mortality*
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution