Business-unit-level relationship between employee satisfaction, employee engagement, and business outcomes: a meta-analysis

J Appl Psychol. 2002 Apr;87(2):268-79. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.87.2.268.


Based on 7,939 business units in 36 companies, this study used meta-analysis to examine the relationship at the business-unit level between employee satisfaction-engagement and the business-unit outcomes of customer satisfaction, productivity, profit, employee turnover, and accidents. Generalizable relationships large enough to have substantial practical value were found between unit-level employee satisfaction-engagement and these business-unit outcomes. One implication is that changes in management practices that increase employee satisfaction may increase business-unit outcomes, including profit.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Consumer Behavior*
  • Efficiency, Organizational*
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Organizational Culture*