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, 282 (6), L1330-8

Histamine Stimulates Phosphorylation of Adherens Junction Proteins and Alters Their Link to Vimentin

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Histamine Stimulates Phosphorylation of Adherens Junction Proteins and Alters Their Link to Vimentin

D Michael Shasby et al. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol.

Abstract

Histamine increases microvascular permeability by creating small transitory (100-400 nm) gaps between adjacent endothelial cells at sites of vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin-based adhesion. We examined the effects of histamine on the proteins within the VE-cadherin-based adherens junction in primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells. VE-cadherin is linked not only by beta- and alpha-catenin to cortical actin but also by gamma-catenin to the intermediate filament vimentin. In mature human umbilical vein cultures, the VE-cadherin immunoprecipitate contained equivalent amounts of alpha- and beta-catenin, 130% as much beta- as gamma-catenin, and 50% as much actin as vimentin. Within 60 s, histamine decreased the fraction of VE-cadherin in the insoluble portion of the cell lysate by 35 +/- 1.5%. At the same time, histamine decreased the amount of vimentin that immunoprecipitated with VE-cadherin by 50 +/- 6%. Histamine did not affect the amount of actin or the amount of alpha-, beta-, or gamma-catenin that immunoprecipitated with VE-cadherin. Within 60 s, histamine simulated a doubling in the phosphorylation of VE-cadherin and beta- and gamma-catenin. The VE-cadherin immunoprecipitate contained kinase activity that phosphorylated VE-cadherin and gamma-catenin in vitro.

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