Tenascin-C expression and splice variant in habu snake venom-induced glomerulonephritis

Exp Mol Pathol. 2002 Jun;72(3):186-95. doi: 10.1006/exmp.2002.2432.


Extracellular matrix glycoprotein tenascin-C (TNC) expression is up-regulated in tissue remodeling processes such as tumorigenesis and wound healing. Mouse tenascin-C contains six alternatively spliced domains (A1, A2, A4, B, C, and D) between the fifth and the sixth type III fibronectin domains, which generate large numbers of TNC isoforms. To study TNC isoform variability of wound healing in mice, we induced glomerulonephritis by using Habu snake venom (HSV) and examined alternatively spliced regions by the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique. RT-PCR products were separated into seven bands in both healthy and diseased kidneys. Among the seven bands, those containing one or five alternatively spliced domains were mainly up-regulated from 2 days to 1 week after HSV injection. Southern blotting revealed that only domain-D detected all six bands in both healthy and diseased kidneys. Furthermore, only the domain-C transcriptional level did not show an obvious change in progress following HSV injection. These results suggested that (a) the isoforms containing one or five alternatively spliced domains play important roles in the healing process of glomerulonephritis, (b) domain-D is particularly significant in kidney, and (c) domain-C may not play an important role in the healing process of HSV-induced glomerulonephritis.

MeSH terms

  • Alternative Splicing
  • Animals
  • Crotalid Venoms / toxicity
  • Gene Expression
  • Glomerulonephritis / chemically induced
  • Glomerulonephritis / genetics*
  • Glomerulonephritis / pathology
  • Kidney / drug effects
  • Kidney / metabolism
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Protein Isoforms / chemistry
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Protein Isoforms / metabolism
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Tenascin / chemistry
  • Tenascin / genetics*
  • Tenascin / metabolism
  • Trimeresurus


  • Crotalid Venoms
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Tenascin