Toxicology of newer pesticides for use in dogs and cats

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2002 Mar;32(2):455-67. doi: 10.1016/s0195-5616(01)00013-4.

Abstract

The past 10 years have witnessed the development of several new insecticides that have been specifically designed to exploit physiologic differences between insects and mammals. This has resulted in products that seem to have a wide margin of safety when used in dogs and cats. Compared with the more acutely toxic organophosphorous, carbamate, and heavy metal insecticides as well as with the environmental problems of bioaccumulation associated with some of the organochlorine insecticides, these newer insecticides such as fipronil, imidacloprid, selamectin, lufenuron, and nitenpyram seem to alleviate these known problems while still providing satisfactory insecticidal activity.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Benzamides / poisoning
  • Cat Diseases / etiology*
  • Cat Diseases / therapy*
  • Cats
  • Dog Diseases / etiology*
  • Dog Diseases / therapy*
  • Dogs
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions / etiology
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions / therapy
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions / veterinary*
  • Imidazoles / poisoning
  • Insecticides / poisoning
  • Ivermectin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Ivermectin / poisoning
  • Neonicotinoids
  • Nitro Compounds
  • Pesticides / poisoning*
  • Pyrazoles / poisoning

Substances

  • Benzamides
  • Imidazoles
  • Insecticides
  • Neonicotinoids
  • Nitro Compounds
  • Pesticides
  • Pyrazoles
  • fluphenacur
  • imidacloprid
  • Ivermectin
  • selamectin
  • fipronil