Objective: To describe a case of calcification of the tunica vaginalis testis.
Methods: A 66-year-old patient with right hydrocele and superficial carcinoma of the bladder who underwent TUR and was treated with mitomycin prophylactic instillations, is described. The patient presented a bulbar urethral stricture. A retrograde urethrogram demonstrated calcification of the tunica vaginalis testis. An ultrasound scan confirmed the diagnosis.
Results: The surgical and histopathological findings confirmed the diagnosis of hydrocele with calcification of the tunica vaginalis.
Conclusions: Calcification of the tunica vaginalis testis is uncommon. It is therefore difficult to make the preoperative diagnosis, although radiological and ultrasound evaluation can be useful. The histopathological analysis confirmed the nature of the lesion in the case described herein.