Background: We have demonstrated an important role of cytochrome P450 (CYP) as a significant source of catalytic iron in reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated cisplatin (CP)-induced renal injury.
Materials and methods: The current study was designed to explore the role of CYP2E1 as a site for ROS generation and a source of iron in CP-induced cytotoxicity to the LLC-PK1 cells.
Results: CYP2E1 was identified in the LLC-PK1 cells. Exposure of LLC-PK1 cells to CP resulted in marked generation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), reduction of CYP2E1 content, increase in catalytic iron and hydroxyl radical formation accompanied by significant cytotoxicity. CYP2E1 inhibitors markedly reduced H2O2 generation with the preservation of CYP2E1 content, markedly decreased in iron and hydroxyl radical formation associated with significant attenuation in cytotoxicity.
Conclusion: CYP2E1 plays an important role in CP-induced cytotoxicity by severing as a site for the generation of ROS and a significant source of catalytic iron.