Orofacial injuries from sport: preventive measures for sports medicine

Sports Med. 2002;32(7):409-18. doi: 10.2165/00007256-200232070-00001.


Individuals worldwide are participating in an expanding arena of vigorous physical activities as well as competitive sports at all levels. The healthful benefits of such activities are unfortunately associated with injury risks that include orofacial soft- and hard-tissue trauma. This article describes the scope and emergency management of sports-related orofacial traumatic injuries that may be encountered by physicians in the field of sports medicine. Since most of these injuries are preventable with the use of protective equipment, specific recommendations are provided for the use of properly fitted mouthguards.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy
  • Emergency Medical Services / methods
  • Facial Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Facial Injuries / therapy
  • Female
  • Head Protective Devices
  • Humans
  • Jaw Fractures / prevention & control
  • Jaw Fractures / therapy
  • Male
  • Mouth Protectors
  • Soft Tissue Injuries / therapy
  • Sports Equipment
  • Tooth Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Tooth Injuries / therapy