Calcium-sensing receptor A986S polymorphism in human rectal cancer

Int J Colorectal Dis. 2002 Jan;17(1):20-4. doi: 10.1007/s003840100359.


Background and aims: In vivo and in vitro experiments show the protective role of calcium ions (Ca2+) against colorectal cancer. The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) detects extracellular Ca2+ concentration. An association between the CaSR A986S polymorphism and serum calcium in healthy adults has been reported. Subjects with AA genotype had lower serum concentrations of Ca2+ than other genotypes. The expression of erbB-2, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), p53, and ras in colorectal cancer has been suggested to have diagnostic and prognostic significance.

Patients and methods: We investigated the relationship between the CaSR A986S polymorphism and the expression of erbB-2, EGFR, p53, and ras as well as the UICC stage in 56 patients with rectal cancer.

Results: The occurrence of the genotype AA was not different in cancer patients and in 112 controls. In the presence of the coexpression of major oncogenes, patients with genotype AA were in significantly higher UICC stages than in the case of AS genotype. During the follow-up period AA genotype showed a tendency for poor prognosis.

Conclusions: Our observation raises the possibility that genetic alterations of CaSR influence the pathogenesis of rectal cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • ErbB Receptors / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oncogene Proteins v-erbB / metabolism
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Receptors, Calcium-Sensing
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism
  • Rectal Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism
  • ras Proteins / metabolism


  • Oncogene Proteins v-erbB
  • Receptors, Calcium-Sensing
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • ErbB Receptors
  • ras Proteins
  • Calcium