Fluid resuscitation in pre-hospital trauma care: a consensus view

J R Coll Surg Edinb. 2002 Apr;47(2):451-7.


Fluid administration for trauma in the pre-hospital environment is a challenging and controversial area. The available evidence does not clearly support any single approach. Nevertheless, some provisional conclusions may be drawn. It was with this intention that the Faculty of Pre-Hospital Care (RCSEd) arranged to meet in August 2000 in an attempt to reach a working consensus. The following guidelines are the result of those discussions. It is intended that they will be modified as future research brings clarity to the area. When treating trauma victims in the pre-hospital arena cannulation should take place en route, where possible. Only two attempts at cannulation should be made. Transfer should not be delayed by attempts to obtain intravenous access. Entrapped patients require cannulation at the scene. Normal saline may be titrated in boluses of 250 ml against the presence or absence of a radial pulse (caveats; penetrating torso injury, head injury, infants).

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Emergency Medical Services / methods*
  • Emergency Medical Services / standards
  • Fluid Therapy / methods*
  • Fluid Therapy / standards
  • Humans
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Resuscitation / methods*
  • Sodium Chloride


  • Sodium Chloride