5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2A) receptors minimally contribute to clozapine-induced acetylcholine release in rat medial prefrontal cortex

Brain Res. 2002 Jun 7;939(1-2):34-42. doi: 10.1016/s0006-8993(02)02544-1.

Abstract

The atypical antipsychotic drugs (APDs) clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone, and ziprasidone preferentially increase dopamine (DA) release in rat medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). These effects have been shown to depend upon potent 5-HT(2A) relative to weak D(2) antagonism, and 5-HT(1A) agonism as well. Atypical APDs also increase acetylcholine (ACh) release in the mPFC, but not the nucleus accumbens (NAC) or striatum (STR), whereas typical APDs such as haloperidol, S(-)-sulpiride and thioridazine do not produce either effect in the mPFC. This study examined the role of 5-HT(1A) agonism, 5-HT(2A) and D(2) antagonism, and the combination thereof, in the ability of clozapine to increase ACh release in rat mPFC. R(+)-8-OH-DPAT (0.2 mg/kg), a 5-HT(1A) agonist, WAY100635 (0.2-0.5 mg/kg), a 5-HT(1A) antagonist, and DOI (0.6-2.5 mg/kg), a 5-HT(2A/2C) agonist, increased ACh release in the mPFC, whereas M100907 (0.03-1 mg/kg), a 5-HT(2A) antagonist, did not. DOI (2.5 mg/kg) and M100907 (0.1 mg/kg) had no effect on ACh release in the NAC or STR. WAY100635 and M100907 inhibited the ability of R(+)-8-OH-DPAT and DOI, respectively, to increase ACh release in the mPFC. WAY100635, which inhibits clozapine-induced DA release in the mPFC, failed to inhibit clozapine (20 mg/kg)-induced ACh release in that region. Similarly, the combination of M100907 and haloperidol (0.1 mg/kg), which enhances DA release in the mPFC, failed to increase ACh release in that region. These results suggest that 5-HT(1A) agonism and 5-HT(2A) antagonism, as well as DA release, contribute minimally to the ability of clozapine, and perhaps other atypical APDs, to increase ACh release in the mPFC.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin / pharmacology
  • Acetylcholine / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Clozapine / pharmacology*
  • Corpus Striatum / metabolism
  • Dopamine Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Fluorobenzenes / pharmacology
  • Haloperidol / pharmacology
  • Indophenol / analogs & derivatives*
  • Indophenol / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Microdialysis
  • Nucleus Accumbens / metabolism
  • Piperazines / pharmacology
  • Piperidines / pharmacology
  • Prefrontal Cortex / drug effects
  • Prefrontal Cortex / metabolism*
  • Pyridines / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A
  • Receptors, Serotonin / drug effects
  • Receptors, Serotonin / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT1
  • Serotonin Antagonists / pharmacology*
  • Serotonin Receptor Agonists / pharmacology
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Dopamine Antagonists
  • Fluorobenzenes
  • Piperazines
  • Piperidines
  • Pyridines
  • Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A
  • Receptors, Serotonin
  • Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT1
  • Serotonin Antagonists
  • Serotonin Receptor Agonists
  • dimethoxy-4-indophenyl-2-aminopropane
  • Indophenol
  • N-(2-(4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl)ethyl)-N-(2-pyridinyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide
  • 8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin
  • volinanserin
  • Clozapine
  • Haloperidol
  • Acetylcholine