Mutations in Caenorhabditis elegans and mice have identified candidate genes that increase their lifespan via hormonal signal transduction, i.e. the insulin/IGF-1-like pathway. In this study we propose that longevity of the Snell dwarf (Pit1(dw)/Pit1(dw)) mouse is associated with a decrease of the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway caused by the Pit1 mutation. We recently demonstrated that the growth hormone deficiency of the dwarf mouse alters circulating insulin levels, thereby resulting in a decreased activity of the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway, which is a determining factor in the increased nematode lifespan. The decreased activity of the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway is indicated by decrease of (a) IRS-two pool levels; (b) docking of p85 alpha to IRS-2; (c) docking of p 85 alpha to p110 alpha or p110 beta, and (d) IRS-2-associated PI3K activity. In this study we present data suggesting that the InR beta-IRS-1-PI3K pathway is attenuated in the Snell dwarf mouse liver. Our data show that the PI3K activity associated with IRS-1, the docking of IRS-1 to InR beta and the docking of p85 alpha to IRS-1 are attenuated in the aged Snell dwarf. Our studies suggest that the Pit1 mutation results in a decreased activity of the insulin/IGF-1 pathway; that this plays a key role in the longevity of the Snell dwarf mouse and conforms to the nematode longevity paradigm.