Background: Human adipose tissue expresses and releases proinflammatory cytokines and these measures of chronic inflammation have recently been associated with obesity.
Hypothesis: To test whether the proinflammatory state is reversible in subjects undergoing weight loss by surgical measures.
Subjects and methods: Twenty morbidly obese women participated in this prospective study. Subjects were examined for fat mass, high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) before and 1 y after Swedish adjustable gastric banding.
Results: Anthropometric measures displayed a significant reduction of the body mass index (BMI) from 41.6+/-5.4 to 30.8+/-6.1 kg/m(2) and the fat mass from 53.9+/-10.3 to 29.8+/-12.1 kg (mean+/-s.d.). Hs-CRP levels decreased significantly from 1.33+/-1.21 mg/dl in pre-gastric banding subjects to 0.40+/-0.61 mg/dl in post-gastric banding subjects, respectively. IL-6 and TNF-alpha levels did not differ significantly between pre- and post-gastric banding subjects.
Conclusions: We speculate that in these patients the marked reduction in C-reactive protein might be beneficial in reducing their cardiovascular risk and is not solely mediated by IL-6 and TNF-alpha.