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, 40 (2), 267-75

[Analysis of Ribosomal Proteins and Ribosomal Subunits of Pea Seeds by Electrophoresis in Polyacrylamide Gel]

[Article in Russian]
  • PMID: 1203348

[Analysis of Ribosomal Proteins and Ribosomal Subunits of Pea Seeds by Electrophoresis in Polyacrylamide Gel]

[Article in Russian]
P V Chumikina et al. Biokhimiia.

Abstract

The amino acid composition of overall protein of ribosomes and ribosomal subunits of pea seeds has been found typical of ribosomal protein. Electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gel demonstrates that proteins extracted by the solution of 3 M LiCl-4 M urea from purified ribosomes of pea seeds move towards the cathode at pH 2.2 and separate into 41 components. Electrophoresis in a tris-glycine buffer at pH 9.2 does not reveal any substance corresponding to acid proteins. Similar distribution patterns are observed when ribosomal particles are isolated with or without triton (0,5%). The treatment of ribosomes by deoxycholate results in some changes, depending on the detergent concentration. All the protein components detected in ribosomes, except one, are present in the subunits. Proteins of large and small ribosome subunits produced 26 and 21 components respectively in polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The distribution patterns of proteins of the two subunits appear to be different. The majority of the components of the large and small subunits differ in mobility. The data obtained suggest considerable specificity of the protein composition of 60S and 40S subunits of 80S ribosomes in higher plants.

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