Antioxidant activity and phenolic content of Oregon caneberries

J Agric Food Chem. 2002 Jun 5;50(12):3495-500. doi: 10.1021/jf011405l.


Five types of caneberries [evergreen blackberries (Rubus laciniatus), marionberries (Rubus ursinus), boysenberries (Rubus ursinus x idaeus), red raspberries (Rubus idaeus), and black raspberries (Rubus occidentalis)] were analyzed for antioxidant activity by measuring their oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC). In addition, the berries were analyzed for total phenolics, anthocyanins, procyanidins, and ellagic acid content. All of the berries had high ORAC activity ranging from 24 to 77.2 micromol of Trolox equiv/g of fresh berries. Anthocyanin content ranged from 0.65 to 5.89 mg/g, and phenolics ranged from 4.95 to 9.8 mg/g. Black raspberries had the highest ORAC and anthocyanin and phenolic contents. Only red raspberries had detectable amounts of procyanidin oligomers (monomer, dimers, and trimers). All berries had high levels of ellagic acid (47-90 mg/g), but boysenberries had the highest level prior to hydrolysis. The results from this study indicate that these caneberries were high in antioxidant activity and were rich sources of anthocyanins and phenolics.

MeSH terms

  • Anthocyanins / analysis
  • Antioxidants / analysis*
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Biflavonoids*
  • Catechin / analysis
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Ellagic Acid / analysis
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Oregon
  • Phenols / analysis*
  • Proanthocyanidins*
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / analysis
  • Rosaceae / chemistry*
  • Spectrometry, Fluorescence


  • Anthocyanins
  • Antioxidants
  • Biflavonoids
  • Phenols
  • Proanthocyanidins
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Ellagic Acid
  • procyanidin
  • Catechin