rpfF mutants of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae are deficient for virulence and growth under low iron conditions

Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2002 May;15(5):463-71. doi: 10.1094/MPMI.2002.15.5.463.


Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae causes bacterial leaf blight, a serious disease of rice. In the related bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, the rpfF gene is involved in production of a diffusible extracellular factor (DSF) that positively regulates synthesis of virulence-associated functions like extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) and extracellular enzymes. Transposon insertions in the rpfF homolog of X. oryzae pv. oryzae are deficient for virulence and production of a DSF but are proficient for EPS and extracellular enzyme production. The rpfF X. oryzae pv. oryzae mutants exhibit an unusual tetracycline susceptibility phenotype in which exogenous iron supplementation is required for phenotypic expression of a tetracycline resistance determinant that is encoded on an introduced plasmid. The rpfF X. oryzae pv. oryzae mutants also overproduce one or more siderophores and exhibit a growth deficiency under low iron conditions as well as in the presence of reducing agents that are expected to promote the conversion of Fe+3 to Fe+2. Exogenous iron supplementation promotes migration of rpfF X. oryzae pv. oryzae mutants in rice leaves. The results suggest that rpfF may be involved in controlling an iron-uptake system of X. oryzae pv. oryzae and that an inability to cope with the conditions of low iron availability in the host may be the reason for the virulence deficiency of the rpfF X. oryzae pv. oryzae mutants.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics*
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cell Division / genetics
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Iron / pharmacology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Oryza / microbiology
  • Phenotype
  • Plant Diseases / microbiology
  • Plant Leaves / microbiology
  • Siderophores / biosynthesis
  • Signal Transduction / genetics
  • Tetracycline / pharmacology
  • Virulence / genetics
  • Xanthomonas / drug effects
  • Xanthomonas / genetics*
  • Xanthomonas / pathogenicity


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Siderophores
  • Iron
  • Tetracycline

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF411962