Independent evaluation of the California Tobacco Control Program: relationships between program exposure and outcomes, 1996-1998

Am J Public Health. 2002 Jun;92(6):975-83. doi: 10.2105/ajph.92.6.975.


Objectives: This study sought to determine the effects of the California Tobacco Control Program on tobacco-related attitudes and behaviors.

Methods: In 1996 and 1998, a telephone survey was conducted among adults in randomly selected households in 18 California counties. Tenth-grade youths in 84 randomly selected high schools completed a written survey. In analyses conducted at the county level, differences in outcomes were regressed on an index of program exposure.

Results: Among adults, program exposure was associated with decreased smoking prevalence rates, increased no-smoking policies in homes, and decreased violations of workplace no-smoking policies. Among youths, there was no effect of program exposure on outcomes.

Conclusions: These results suggest that the California Tobacco Control Program may have reduced adult smoking prevalence rates and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • California / epidemiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration*
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organizational Policy
  • Prevalence
  • Program Evaluation
  • Public Health Administration*
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Smoking Prevention*
  • Social Control Policies*
  • Workplace