Effect of hemodialysis on kinetics of acetaminophen elimination by anephric patients

Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1975 Dec;18(6):680-6. doi: 10.1002/cpt1975186680.


The pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen elimination were determined in 4 anephric patients during hemodialysis and on an interdialysis day. The biologic half-life of acetaminophen ranged from 119 to 147 min on an interdialysis day and was decreased by 42% to 53% during hemodialysis. Individual mean dialyzer extraction ratios, based on assay of plasma samples from blood flowing into and out of the dialysis unit, were 0.46 to 0.78 for acetaminophen, 0.53 to 0.57 for acetaminophen glucuronide, 0.13 to 0.60 for acetaminophen sulfate, and 0.70 to 0.87 for urea nitrogen. There was a strong correlation between the extraction ratios of acetaminophen and urea nitrogen. Hemodialysis was the major or sole routine of elimination of acetaminophen glucuronide and sulfate in the anephric patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetaminophen / blood
  • Acetaminophen / metabolism*
  • Adult
  • Blood Urea Nitrogen
  • Female
  • Glucuronates / metabolism
  • Half-Life
  • Humans
  • Kidney / physiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nephrectomy*
  • Renal Dialysis*
  • Sulfates / metabolism
  • Time Factors


  • Glucuronates
  • Sulfates
  • Acetaminophen