Gluteal mass in a bodybuilder: radiological depiction of a complication of anabolic steroid use

Eur Radiol. 2002 Jun;12(6):1366-9. doi: 10.1007/s00330-001-1169-1. Epub 2001 Oct 31.


The use of anabolic steroids by bodybuilders is relatively common and associated with many side effects. Local side effects include tissue necrosis and soft tissue infection at the injection site. Systemic effects may be early epiphyseal closure in the immature skeleton, testicular atrophy, sterility, acne, gynaecomastia and liver disorders such as hepatitis. We report an unusual case of a bodybuilder who developed a large painful inflammatory soft tissue mass in his gluteal area. Multi-modality imaging showed direct evidence revealing the underlying cause of the mass being depot steroid injections.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anabolic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Buttocks / diagnostic imaging*
  • Buttocks / pathology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed


  • Anabolic Agents