[Two cases of limited cutaneous nodular amyloidosis with primary Sjögren's syndrome]

Nihon Rinsho Meneki Gakkai Kaishi. 2002 Apr;25(2):205-11. doi: 10.2177/jsci.25.205.
[Article in Japanese]

Abstract

We described two female patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome associated with localized cutaneous nodular amyloidosis (LCNA), in which amyloid protein was derived from immunoglobulin light chain. Case 1; a 70-year-old female had complained with polyarthralgia, low-grade fever and parotid gland swelling. She was diagnosed as primary Sjögren's syndrome. Three years later she noticed brown color small tumor on the thigh and yellow to brown nodules on the bilateral calves of legs. Skin biopsy from the left thigh revealed amyloid L protein deposition, which was positive for anti-lambda light chain staining, in almost entire dermis. Infiltration of lymphocytes and plasma cells around the amyloid deposit were prominent. Case 2; a 51-year-old female had noticed increasing eruption on the hip. Skin biopsy revealed amyloid L protein deposition in the dermis, which was negative for anti-lambda nor kappa light chain staining. When she was refereed to our hospital, she complained of xerostomia and xerophthalmia. She was diagnosed as primary Sjögren's syndrome. In both cases, histological examination of a minor salivary gland biopsy revealed infiltration of lymphocytes and plasma cells but not amyloid deposit. Serum M protein and urine Bence-Jones protein were not detected. These cases represent localized amyloidosis without systemic involvement. It is widely recognized that Sjögren's syndrome is frequently accompanied by B cell lymphoproliferative disorders. In LCNA, infiltration of plasma cells around the amyloid deposits was frequently prominent. The relation between these two disorders is discussed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Amyloid / metabolism
  • Amyloidosis / etiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / complications*
  • Skin Diseases, Metabolic / etiology*
  • Skin Diseases, Metabolic / metabolism

Substances

  • Amyloid
  • amyloid protein AL