Pathways for kidney-specific uptake of the steroid hormone 25-hydroxyvitamin D3

Curr Opin Lipidol. 2002 Jun;13(3):255-60. doi: 10.1097/00041433-200206000-00004.


Steroid hormones are believed to enter cells solely by free diffusion through the plasma membrane. However, recent work on the uptake of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 into the kidney has identified an endocytic pathway that is responsible for the delivery of this steroid to renal tissues. This finding led to a new perception that endocytosis may play an important role in the cell-type-specific targeting and uptake of steroid hormones. In the present review, we describe the molecular components (e.g. steroid carriers, endocytic receptors and intracellular transport proteins) that constitute this novel pathway for tissue-specific uptake of vitamin D metabolites.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcifediol / metabolism*
  • Chloride Channels / metabolism
  • Dogs
  • Humans
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-2 / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism
  • Vitamin D-Binding Protein / metabolism


  • Chloride Channels
  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-2
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Vitamin D-Binding Protein
  • intrinsic factor-cobalamin receptor
  • Calcifediol