Transuranic biokinetic parameters for marine invertebrates--a review

Environ Int. 2002 Apr;28(1-2):83-96. doi: 10.1016/s0160-4120(02)00011-9.


A catalogue of biokinetic parameters for the transuranic elements plutonium, americium, curium, neptunium, and californium in marine invertebrates is presented. The parameters considered are: the seawater-animal concentration factor (CF); the sediment-animal concentration ratio (CR); transuranic assimilation efficiency; transuranic tissue distribution and transuranic elimination rates. With respect to the seawater-animal CF, authors differ considerably on how they define this parameter and a seven-point reporting system is suggested. Transuranic uptake from sediment by animals is characterised by low CRs. The assimilation efficiencies of transuranic elements in marine invertebrates are high compared to vertebrates and mammals in general and the distribution of transuranics within the body tissue of an animal is dependent on the uptake path. The elimination of transuranics from most species examined conformed to a standard biphasic exponential model though some examples with three elimination phases were identified.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Food Chain
  • Geologic Sediments / chemistry
  • Invertebrates / chemistry*
  • Radioisotopes / pharmacokinetics*
  • Seawater / chemistry
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Water Pollutants, Radioactive / pharmacokinetics*


  • Radioisotopes
  • Water Pollutants, Radioactive