Generation of different fates from multipotent muscle stem cells

Development. 2002 Jun;129(12):2987-95. doi: 10.1242/dev.129.12.2987.


Although neuronal and mesenchymal stem cells exhibit multipotentiality, this property has not previously been demonstrated for muscle stem cells. We now show that muscle satellite cells of adult mice are able to differentiate into osteoblasts, adipocytes and myotubes. Undifferentiated muscle progenitor cells derived from a single satellite cell co-expressed multiple determination genes including those for MyoD and Runx2, which are specific for myogenic and osteogenic differentiation, respectively. Determination genes not relevant to the induced differentiation pathway were specifically downregulated in these cells. Similar multipotent progenitor cells were isolated from adult human muscle. Based on these observations, we propose a 'stock options' model for the generation of different fates from multipotent stem cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Matrix / cytology
  • Bone Matrix / metabolism
  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins / pharmacology
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects*
  • Cell Division / genetics
  • Cell Lineage
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Muscle, Skeletal / cytology*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
  • MyoD Protein / genetics
  • MyoD Protein / metabolism
  • Myogenin / genetics
  • Myogenin / metabolism
  • Neoplasm Proteins*
  • Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Stem Cells / physiology
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta*


  • BMP2 protein, human
  • Bmp2 protein, mouse
  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
  • Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit
  • MYOG protein, human
  • MyoD Protein
  • Myog protein, mouse
  • Myogenin
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta