Changes in mesopic vision after photorefractive keratectomy for myopia

J Refract Surg. 2002 May-Jun;18(3):249-52. doi: 10.3928/1081-597X-20020501-07.


Purpose: To evaluate the mesopic functions of excimer laser treated eyes with different treatment diameters and different laser beam delivery systems.

Methods: In Group 1, 38 eyes were treated with the Aesculap Meditec MEL 60 ArF scanning laser beam excimer laser. The treatment diameter was 5.0 mm. In Group 2, 38 eyes were treated with the Aesculap Meditec MEL 70(G-Scan) flying spot excimer laser; the chosen treatment diameter was 6.5 mm. In Group 3, there were 38 eyes with no treatment; vision was corrected only with spectacles (control group). All eyes had 20/20 best spectacle-corrected visual acuity before surgery, as did the control group. Measurements were carried out preoperatively and at 12 months following surgery. All eyes exhibited normal corneal wound healing, and subepithelial haze was <0.5 according to Hanna's scale. Mesopic functions (mesopic vision and glare sensitivity) were tested with the Mesoptometer II.

Results: The average preoperative refractive error in Group 1 was -3.40 D; in Group 2, -3.38 D; in Group 3, -3.44 D. In Group 1, 34% of the treated eyes met the night driving requirements (recognition at 1:5 contrast level), whereas in Group 2, 85%, and in Group 3, 95% of the eyes fulfilled this criteria. When contrast vision was tested under glare conditions in Group 1, 31.6%; in Group 2, 80%; and in Group 3, 94.7% of the eyes identified the target orientation (Landolt ring) at contrast level 1:5.

Conclusions: The unoperated spectacle wearers had better results in all tested functions. The larger 6.5-mm treatment diameter with the use of the flying spot laser beam delivery system resulted in better mesopic function and contrast vision under mesopic conditions than the smaller 5.0-mm diameter.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Contrast Sensitivity
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lasers, Excimer
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myopia / surgery*
  • Photorefractive Keratectomy / adverse effects*
  • Photorefractive Keratectomy / instrumentation
  • Vision Disorders / etiology*
  • Wound Healing