Listener weighting of cues for lateral angle: the duplex theory of sound localization revisited

J Acoust Soc Am. 2002 May;111(5 Pt 1):2219-36. doi: 10.1121/1.1471898.


The virtual auditory space technique was used to quantify the relative strengths of interaural time difference (ITD), interaural level difference (ILD), and spectral cues in determining the perceived lateral angle of wideband, low-pass, and high-pass noise bursts. Listeners reported the apparent locations of virtual targets that were presented over headphones and filtered with listeners' own directional transfer functions. The stimuli were manipulated by delaying or attenuating the signal to one ear (by up to 600 micros or 20 dB) or by altering the spectral cues at one or both ears. Listener weighting of the manipulated cues was determined by examining the resulting localization response biases. In accordance with the Duplex Theory defined for pure-tones, listeners gave high weight to ITD and low weight to ILD for low-pass stimuli, and high weight to ILD for high-pass stimuli. Most (but not all) listeners gave low weight to ITD for high-pass stimuli. This weight could be increased by amplitude-modulating the stimuli or reduced by lengthening stimulus onsets. For wideband stimuli, the ITD weight was greater than or equal to that given to ILD. Manipulations of monaural spectral cues and the interaural level spectrum had little influence on lateral angle judgements.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cues*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Motivation
  • Sound Localization*